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Christian study resources are the tools of the student of the Bible.

This is a bibliography list of resources that earned a footnote in an article. This list does not include all resources consulted in the process of writing. But It provides a person with an overview of the kind of resources used in researching articles on There are currently almost 50 resources used.

It includes

  • Bibles
  • Dictionaries
  • Encyclopedias
  • Journals
  • Commentaries
  • Lexicons
  • Databases
  • websites.

 Last updated 9/21/2020

 Abbott, E. A. (1906). Johannine Grammar. London: Adam and Charles Black.

Abernathy, D. (2015). An Exegetical Summary (series). Dallas, TX: SIL International.

Andrews, E., & Wilkins, D. (n.d.). THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism.

Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., & Bauer, W. (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian literature (3rd ed. ). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Barclay, W. (2002). The Letters to the Galatians and Ephesians. Louisville, KY; London: Westminster John Knox Press.

Barnes, A. (1870–1872). Notes on the Old Testament: Psalms (Vol. 1). London: Blackie & Son.

Biblical Studies Press. (2005). The NET Bible First Edition; Bible. English. NET Bible.; The NET Bible. Biblical Studies Press.

Borowski, O. (1992). Agriculture. In D. N. Freedman (Ed.), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday.

Bouasker, M. (2014) Physical Characterization of Natural Straw Fibers as

Braaten, L. J. (2000). Adoption. In D. N. Freedman, A. C. Myers, & A. B. Beck (Eds.), Eerdmans dictionary of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: W.B. Eerdmans.

Bratcher, R. G., & Reyburn, W. D. (1991). A translator’s handbook on the book of Psalms. New York: United Bible Societies.

Bray, G. (2012). God Is Love: A Biblical and Systematic Theology. Wheaton, IL: Crossway.

Briggs, C. A., & Briggs, E. G. (1906–1907). A critical and exegetical commentary on the book of Psalms. New York: C. Scribner’s Sons.

Brown, R. E. (2008). The Gospel according to John (I–XII): Introduction, translation, and notes (Vol. 29). New Haven; London: Yale University Press.

Bullinger, E. W. (1898). Figures of speech used in the Bible. London; New York: Eyre & Spottiswoode; E. & J. B. Young & Co.

Charles, R. H. (Ed.). (1913). Commentary on the Pseudepigrapha of the Old Testament. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Charlesworth, J. H. (1983). The Old Testament pseudepigrapha. New York;  London: Yale University Press.

CNTTS: H. Milton Haggard Center for New Testament Textual Studies. (2010). The Center for New Testament Textual Studies: NT Critical Apparatus. New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary.)

Comfort, P. (2005). Encountering the manuscripts: an introduction to New Testament paleography & textual criticism. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman.

Conzelmann, H., & Zimmerli, W. (1964–). Theological dictionary of the New Testament (electronic ed.). Grand Rapids, MI: Eerdmans.

Crop Residue Collection for Field Grazing factsheet

Dahood, M., S. J. (2008). Psalms I: 1-50: Introduction, translation, and notes. New Haven; London: Yale University Press.

Elwell, W. A., & Beitzel, B. J. (1988). House of God. In Baker encyclopedia of the Bible. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Book House.

Fantin, J. D. (2012). Review of Adoption in the Roman World by Hugh Lindsay. Bibliotheca Sacra, 169.

Fee, G. D. (1979). The Textual Criticism of the New Testament. In F. E. Gaebelein (Ed.), The Expositor’s Bible Commentary: Introductory Articles. Grand Rapids, MI: Zondervan Publishing House.

Geisler, N. L., & Brooks, R. M. (1990). When skeptics ask. Wheaton, IL: Victor Books.

Gerstenberger, E. (2001). Psalms Part 2, and Lamentations (Vol. 15). Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Görg, M. (1990). יָשַׁב. G. J. Botterweck & H. Ringgren (Eds.), D. E. Green (Trans.), Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (Revised Edition). Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Graham, G. (2008). An Exegetical Summary of Ephesians (2nd ed.). Dallas, TX: SIL International.

Harris, R. L., Archer, G. L., Jr., & Waltke, B. K. (Eds.). (1999). Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament (electronic ed.). Chicago: Moody Press.: E.J. Brill.

Harris, W. H. (1999). Review of The Sense and Syntax of John 3:14–17 with Special Reference to the Use of Οὓτως … Ὥστε in John 3:16 by Robert H. Gundry and Russell W. Howell. Bibliotheca Sacra, 156, 359.

Hodgson, R., Jr. (1992). Holiness: New Testament. In D. N. Freedman (Ed.), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday.

Jeffers, J. S. (1999). The Greco-Roman world of the New Testament era: Exploring the background of early Christianity. Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

Kerr, A. (2002). The Temple of Jesus’ Body: The Temple Theme in the Gospel of John (Vol. 220, pp. 359–361). New York, NY: Sheffield Academic Press.

Kinnaman, D., & Lyons, G. (2007). UnChristian: What a New Generation Really Thinks about Christianity … and Why It Matters. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

Knobloch, F. W. (1992). Adoption. In D. N. Freedman (Ed.), The Anchor Yale Bible Dictionary. New York: Doubleday.

Koehler, L., Baumgartner, W., Richardson, M. E. J., & Stamm, J. J. (1994–2000). The Hebrew and Aramaic lexicon of the Old Testament (electronic ed.). Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Köstenberger, A. J. (2004). John. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic.

Lenski, R. C. H. (1961). The interpretation of St. John’s gospel. Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Publishing House.

Lust, J., Eynikel, E., & Hauspie, K. (2003). A Greek-English Lexicon of the Septuagint : Revised Edition. Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart.

McHugh, J. F. (2009). A Critical and Exegetical Commentary on John 1–4. (G. N. Stanton & G. I. Davies, Eds.). London; New York: T&T Clark.

Merriam-Webster, I. (2003). Merriam-Webster’s collegiate dictionary. (Eleventh ed.). Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster, Inc.

Merrill, E. H. (1994). Deuteronomy. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers.

Moule, H. C. G. (n.d.). Colossian and Philemon Studies: Lessons in Faith and Holiness. Westwood, NJ: Fleming H. Revell.

Moulton, J. H., & Turner, N. (1976–). A Grammar of New Testament Greek: Style.. Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark.

Nesbitt, M. (2001). Plants and People in Ancient Anatolia. Biblical Archaeologist: Volume 58 1-4, (electronic ed.), 71.

New American Standard Bible: 1995 update. (1995). La Habra, CA: The Lockman Foundation.

Peter of Alexandria. (1886). Fragments from the Writings of Peter. In A. Roberts, J. Donaldson, & A. C. Coxe (Eds.), J. B. H. Hawkins (Trans.), Fathers of the Third Century: Gregory Thaumaturgus, Dionysius the Great, Julius Africanus, Anatolius and Minor Writers, Methodius, Arnobius (Vol. 6). Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Company.

Plummer, A. (1896). The Gospel according to S. John. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ringgren, H. (1997). מַעֲלָל, מַעֲשֶׂה and מֹץ. G. J. Botterweck & H.-J. Fabry (Eds.), D. W. Stott (Trans.), Theological Dictionary of the Old Testament (Revised Edition, Vol. 8, p. 464). Grand Rapids, MI; Cambridge, U.K.: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Runge, S. E. (2010). Discourse Grammar of the Greek New Testament: A Practical Introduction for Teaching and Exegesis. Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press.

Silva, M., & Tenney, M. C. (2009). In The Zondervan Encyclopedia of the Bible, Q-Z (Revised, Full-Color Edition). Grand Rapids, MI: The Zondervan Corporation.

Smith, J. E. (1992). The Major Prophets. Joplin, MO: College Press.

Smyth, H. W. (1920). A Greek Grammar for Colleges. New York; Cincinnati; Chicago; Boston; Atlanta: American Book Company.

The Center for New Testament Textual Studies NT Critical Apparatus

Trail, R. (2013). An Exegetical Summary of John 1–9. Dallas, TX: SIL International.

Van der Merwe, C., Naudé, J., Kroeze, J., Van der Merwe, C., Naudé, J., & Kroeze, J. (1999).A Biblical Hebrew Reference Grammar(electronic ed.). Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

Whittaker, J. C. (2000). Alonia and Dhoukanes: The Ethnoarchaeology of Threshing in Cyprus. Near Eastern Archaeology, 63(1–4), 65.

Williams, D. J. (1999). Paul’s Metaphors: Their Context and Character. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson Publishers.

Winer, G. B. (1882). A Treatise on the Grammar of New Testament Greek: Regarded as a Sure Basis for New Testament Exegesis. Edinburgh: T&T Clark.

Young, R. A. (1994). Intermediate New Testament Greek: a linguistic and exegetical approach. Nashville, TN: Broadman & Holman.

Zerwick, M. (1963).Biblical Greek illustrated by examples(English ed., adapted from the fourth Latin ed., Vol. 114). Rome: Pontificio Istituto Biblico.